Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MUS) uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of structures within the body. It is used for evaluating soft tissue abnormalities, including tendon, muscle, nerve and ligament pathology, as well as joint-related pain, and for assessing for fluid collections. MUS can be used to diagnose disease processes of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, ankle hands and feet, as well as of the peripheral nerves and muscles.
This modality can be performed on all patients as an initial screening test, standalone diagnostic and/or therapeutic test, or as a complementary modality to MRI/plain films/CT. This is also useful in patients who are unable to have an MRI due to claustrophobia, pain or an implanted device.